|Home||Scientific Publications of Dietmar Glindemann||Business: Glindemann Sealing Rings|
Publications as author and coauthor
Publications 58 (SciFinder Scholar Data Base)
Publications 55 (ISI Web of Knowledge Cited Reference Search)
Citations 2278 (ISI Web of Knowledge Cited Reference Search) (16 Oct. 2022)
|Publications on Environmental Analysis, Chemistry and Odor Research (phosphine, organophosphorus, organometal, organosulfur, water + waste treatment)|
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Dietmar GLINDEMANN, www.glindemann.net www.phosphine.net
| Research on waste
water plant odor by industrial DMSO waste
Dietmar Glindemann discovered that Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) industrial waste in sewage produced an odor problem in a wastewater plant in Philadelphia, USA. His research saved the municipality of Philadelphia 20 million US-Dollars.
here the most important of my DMSO publications
Glindemann, D., Novak, J., Witherspoon, J. Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) Waste Residues and Municipal Waste Water Odor by Dimethyl Sulfide (DMS): the North-East WPCP Plant of Philadelphia. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2006), 40(1), 202-207.
Click to enlarge Abstract: This study shows for the first time that overlooked mg/L concentrations of industrial dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) waste residues in sewage can cause “rotten cabbage” odor problems by dimethyl sulphide (DMS) in conventional municipal wastewater treatment.
In laboratory studies, incubation of activated sludge with 1 to 10 mg/L DMSO in bottles produced dimethylsulfide (DMS) at concentrations that exceeded the odor threshold by approximately four orders of magnitude in the headspace gas. Aeration at a rate of six m3 air / m3 sludge resulted in emission of the DMS into the exhaust air in a manner analogous to an activated sludge aeration tank.
A field study at the NEWPCP sewage treatment plant in Philadelphia found DMSO levels intermittently peaking as high as 2400 mg/L in sewage near an industrial discharger. After three hours, the DMSO concentration in the influent to the aeration tank rose from a baseline level of less than 0.01 mg/L to a level of 5.6 mg/L and the DMS concentration in the mixed liquor rose from less than 0.01 to 0.2 mg/L. Finding this link between the intermittent occurrence of DMSO residues in influent of the treatment plant and the odorant DMS in the aeration tank was the key to understanding and eliminating the intermittent “canned corn” or “rotten cabbage” odor emissions from the aeration tank that had randomly plagued this plant and its city neighborhood for two decades. Sewage authorities should consider having wastewater samples analyzed for DMSO and DMS to check for this possible odor problem and that DMSO emission thresholds be established to limit odor generation at sewage treatment plants.
External Links to this paper (Press release of the American Chemical Society):
Other environmental DMSO publications of Dietmar Glindemann
Glindemann, D. Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) waste residues and municipal waste water odor. WEFTEC 2005, 78th annual technical exhibition and conference, October 29- November 2, 2005, Washington DC, USA.
|D. Glindemann, J.T. Novak and J. Witherspoon. Aeration tank odour by dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) waste in sewage. Water Science & Technology Vol 55 No 5 pp 319–326 (doi:10.2166/wst.2007.194)|
|Research on Environmental Chemistry and Odor analysis of waste water and biosolids|
WERF Report: Treatment Processes (00-HHE-5T (b)) Author(s): GM Adams, J Witherspoon Publication Date: July 2004 · ISBN: 1843396874 (Impacts of in-plant operational parameters on biosolids odor quality: preliminary results of WERF Phase 2 study.)
|Subramanian, R., Novak, J. T., Murthy, S. Glindemann, D., North, J. Investigating the role of process conditions in wastewater sludge odor generation. WEFTEC 2005, 78th annual technical exhibition and conference, October 29- November 2, 2005, Washington DC, USA.|
|Dietmar GLINDEMANN at National Biosolids Odors Research Meeting @ Bucknell University, June 13, 2002 Odor Research at Virginia Tech, CEE|
|Murthy, S.; Forbes, B.; Burrowes, P.; Esqueda, T.; Glindemann, D.; Novak, J.; Higgins, M.; Mendenhall, T.; Toffey, W.. Impact of high shear solids processing on production of volatile sulfur compounds from anaerobically digested biosolids. WEFTEC.02, Conference Proceedings, Annual Technical Exhibition & Conference, 75th, Chicago, IL, United States, Sept. 28-Oct. 2, 2002 (2002), 4494-4505. CODEN: 69EWYB CAN 140:258120 AN 2004:75703 CAPLUS|
|Murthy, S..; Peot, C.; North, J.; Novak, J.; Glindemann, D.; Higgins, M. Characterization and control of reduced sulfur odors from lime-stabilized and digested biosolids. Annual Residuals and Biosolids Management Conference: Privatization, Innovation and Optimization: How to Do More for Less, 16th, Austin, TX, United States, Mar. 3-6, 2002 (2002), 775-794. CODEN: 69EVNV CAN 140:239825 AN 2004:31753 CAPLUS|
|Murthy S., Kim, H., McConnell, L., Peot, C., Bailey, W., Novak, J., and Glindemann, D. (2002). “Mechanisms for odour generation during lime stabilization.” IWA Biennial Conference, Melbourne, Australia.|
|Novak, J.T., Glindemann, D., Murthy, S.N., Gerwin, S. and Peot, C. (2002) Mechanisms For Generation and Control of Trimethyl Amine and Dimethyl Disulfide From Lime Stabilized Biosolids. WEF Odors and Toxic Air Emissions 2002 Conference Proceedings, April 29-30, 2002, Albuquerque, NM:.|
|Forbes, R.H., Adams, G., Witherspoon, J., Hentz, L., Murthy, S., Glindemann, D., Higgins, M.; Card, T., Hargreaves, J.R., and Erdal, Z.. Impacts of in-plant operational parameters on biosolids odor quality: preliminary results of WERF Phase 2 study. WEF/AWWA/CWEA Joint Residuals and Biosolids Management Conference and Exhibition: Partnering for a Safe, Sustainable Environment, Baltimore, MD, United States, Feb. 19-22, 2003 (2003), 565-585. CODEN: 69EZAU CAN 140:326141 AN 2004:79842 CAPLUS|
|Forbes, B.; Adams, G.; Hargreaves, R.; Witherspoon, J.; McEwen, D.; Erdal, Z.; Hentz, L.; Murthy, S.; Card, T.; Glindemann, D.; Higgins, M.. Impacts of the in-plant operational parameters on biosolids odor quality. Final results of WERF odor project Phase 2 field and laboratory study. WEF/A&WMA Odors and Air Emissions 2004, Specialty Conference, Bellevue, WA, United States, Apr. 18-21, 2004 (2004), 454-467.|
|Higgins, M.J., S.N. Murthy, J.T. Novak, D.P. Yarosz and D. Glindemann, Toffey, W.E. and Abu-Orf, M.M. 2002. Effect of Chemical addition on Production of Volatile Sulfur Compounds and Odor from Anaerobically Digested Biosolids. Proceedings of Water Env. Fed. 75th Annual Conf., Chicago.|
|M. Abu-Orf; J. Brewster, J. Oleszkiewicz, R.S. Reimers, P. Lagasse, B. Amy; D. Glindemann. Production of Class A Biosolids With Anoxic Low Dose Alkaline Treatment and Odor Management Issues. IWA Norway Conference, Norway, 2003.|
|Abu-Orf, M. M.; Brewster, J.; Oleszkiewicz, J.; Reimers, R. S.; Lagasse, P.; Amy, B.; Glindemann, D.. Production of class A biosolids with anoxic low dose alkaline treatment and odor management. Water Science and Technology (2004), 49(10, Wastewater Sludge as a Resource), 131-138|
|Abu-Orf, Mohammad M.; Brewster, J.; Oleszkiewicz, J.; Reimers, R. S.; Lagasse, P.; Amy, B.; Glindemann, D.. Production of Class A biosolids with anoxic low dose alkaline treatment and odor management. Wastewater Sludge as a Resource, Proceedings of the International Water Association (IWA) Specialist Conference, BIOSOLIDS 2003: Wastewater Sludge as a Resource, Trondheim, Norway, June 23-25, 2003 (2003), 177-184|
|Higgins, M.J., Yarosz, D. P., Chen, Y. C., Murthy, S. N., Maas, N., Cooney, J., Glindemann, D., and Novak, J. T. (2006) Cycling of volatile organic sulfur compounds in anaerobically digested biosolids and its implications for odors. Water Env. Res., 78, 243-252.|
|Adams, G.M., Witherspoon, J., Card, T., Erdal, Z., Forbes, B., Geselbracht, J., Glindemann, D., Hargreaves, R., Hentz, L., Higgins, M., McEwen, D., and Murthy, S., Indentifying and Controlling the Municipal Wastewater Odor Environment Phase 2: Impacts of In-Plant Operational Parameters on Biosolids Odor Quality. 2003, Water Environment Research Foundation: Alexandria, VA.|
|Porter, R., Witherspoon, J., Daigger, G., Fahnestock, L., Novak, J.T., Glindemann, D., Burlingame, G., Choudhary, S.A., Lendzinski, R., Suffet, M., and Rosenfeld, P. ASSESSMENT OF ODOR FORMATION MECHANISMS IN AN ACTIVATED SLUDGE BASIN AT THE NORTHEAST WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT. WEFTEC 2004, 77th annual technical exhibition and conference, October 2-6, 2004, New Orleans, USA.|
|Novak, John T.; Adams, Gregory; Chen, Yen-Chih; Erdal, Zeynep; Forbes, Robert H., Jr.; GLINDEMANN, Dietmar; Hargreaves, J. Ronald; Hentz, Lawrence; Higgins, Matthew J.; Murthy, Sudhir N.; Witherspoon, Jay; Card, Thomas. Odor generation patterns from anaerobically digested biosolids. WEF/A&WMA Odors and Air Emissions 2004, Specialty Conference, Bellevue, WA, United States, Apr. 18-21, 2004 (2004), 521-530.|
|Higgins, M. J.; Adams, G.; Card, T.; Chen, Y.C.; Erdal, Z.; Forbes, R. H.; Glindemann, D.; Hargreaves, J. R.; Hentz, L.; McEwen, D.; Murthy, S. N.; Novak, J. T.; Witherspoon, J.. Relationship between biochemical constituents and production of odor causing compounds from anaerobically digested biosolids. USA. WEF/A&WMA Odors and Air Emissions 2004, Specialty Conference, Bellevue, WA, United States, Apr. 18-21, 2004 (2004), 438-453.|
|Subramanian, Rahul; Novak, John T.; Murthy, Sudhir; GLINDEMANN, Dietmar; North, Jason. Investigating the role of process conditions in wastewater sludge odor generation. Proceedings - Water Quality Technology Conference and Exhibition (2005), 6582-6604.|
|Glindemann, D., Murthy, S., Higgins, M. J., Chen, Y. C., Novak, J. T. Biosolids incubation method for odorous gas measurement from dewatered sludge cakes. Journal of Residuals Science and Technology. 2006, 3(3), 153-160|
GLINDEMANN 's Publications on Phosphine and Organometallics
in the Environment
Phosphine-publications at University of Leipzig and at Glindemann Environmental Services
|Gassmann, G., Glindemann, D.: Phosphan in der Biosphäre. Angew.Chemie 105, 749-751; Phosphane in the Biosphere. Angew.Chem.Intern.Edit. 32 (1993) 761-763 Link|
|Glindemann, D., Bergmann, A. (1995): Spontaneous emission of phosphane from animal slurry treatment processing. Zentralblatt für Hygiene und Umweltmedizin 198 , 49-56|
|Glindemann,D., Bergmann,A., Stottmeister,U., Gassmann, G. (1996) Phosphine in the lower terrestrial troposphere. Naturwissenschaften 83 (1996) 131-133|
|Gassmann, G., Glindemann, D., van Beusekom, J. Offshore Atmospheric Phosphine. Naturwissenschaften 83 (1996) 129-131|
|Glindemann, D., Stottmeister, U., Bergmann, A.: Free phosphine from the anaerobic biosphere. Environ.Sci.&Pollut.Res. 3 (1996) 17-19|
|Glindemann,D., Morgenstern,P., Wennrich,R., Stottmeister,U., Bergmann,A.: Toxic Oxide Deposits from the Combustion of Landfill Gas and Biogas. Environ.Sci.&Pollut.Res. 3 (1996) 75-77|
|Eismann, F., Glindemann, D., Bergmann, A., Kuschk P.: Soils as a source and sink of phosphine. Chemosphere 35 (1997) 523-533|
|Eismann, F., Glindemann, D., Bergmann, A., Kuschk, P.: Effect of free phosphine on anaerobic digestion. Water Research 31 (1997) 2771-2774|
|Eismann, F., Glindemann, D., Bergmann, A., Kuschk, P.: Balancing phosphine in manure fermentation. J. Environ. Sci. Health, Part B 32 (1997) 955-968|
Glindemann, D., Eismann, F., Bergmann, A., Kuschk, P.,
Stottmeister, U. Phosphine by Bio-Corrosion of Phosphide-Rich Iron. Environ. Sci. &
Pollut. Res. 5 (1998) 71-74
(anaerobic bacterial corrosion of iron with a high phosphorus content, can explain published reports on "Free Phosphine" in biogases and on "Matrix Bound Phosphine" in sludges, sediments etc.)
|Glindemann, D., De Graaf, R.M., Schwartz, A.W.: Chemical reduction of phosphate on the primitive earth. Origins of life and evolution of the biosphere 29 (1999) 555-561|
|Cao HF, Liu J, Zhuang YH, Glindemann D: Emission sources of atmospheric phosphine and simulation of phosphine formation. SCIENCE IN CHINA SERIES B-CHEMISTRY 43: (2) 162-168 APR 2000|
|Liu JA, Yahui CHZ, Kuschk P, Eismann F, Glindemann D: Phosphine in the urban air of Beijing and its possible sources. WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION 116: (3-4) 597-604 DEC 1999|
|Han SH, Zhuang YH, Liu JA, Glindemann D: Phosphorus cycling through phosphine in paddy fields. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 258 (3): 195-203 AUG 30 2000|
|Han SH, Wang ZJ, Zhuang YH, YU ZM, Glindemann D: Phosphine in various matrixes. Journal of Environmental Sciences 15, 339-341 (2003)|
|Niu XJ, ... Glindemann D, et al. - Determination of Phosphine in Shallow Eutrophic Water by Gas Chromatography. Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 31, 378 pp (2003)|
|/Niu, XJ, Zhang JF, Shi XL, Wang XR, Gao GA, Ji JA, Glindemann D. Studies on Microcystis aeruginosa affected by phosphine and its oxidation dynamically released from eutrophic lakes. Journal of Lake Sciences (China), 15, 263-268 (2003).|
|Zhu, Renbin; GLINDEMANN, Dietmar; Kong, Deming; Sun, Liguang; Geng, Jinju; Wang, Xiaorong. Phosphine in the marine atmosphere along a hemispheric course from China to Antarctica. Atmospheric Environment (2007), 41(7), 1567-1573.|
|Zhu, Renbin; Kong, Deming; Sun, Liguang; Geng, Jinju; Wang, Xiaorong; Glindemann, Dietmar. Tropospheric Phosphine and Its Sources in Coastal Antarctica. Environmental Science & Technology (2006), 40(24), 7656-7661.|
|Phosphine-publications at Virginia Tech, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, with Prof. Marc Edwards|
|Glindemann, D., Edwards, M., Kuschk, P. Phosphine gas in the upper troposphere. Atmospheric Environment 37 (2003) 2429–2433|
|Glindemann, D., Edwards, M., Schrems, O. Phosphine and methylphosphine production by simulated lightning – a study for the volatile phosphorus cycle and cloud formation in the earth atmosphere. Atmospheric Environment 38 (2004) 6867-6874.|
|Glindemann, D.; Edwards, M.; Liu, J. A.; Kuschk, P. Phosphine in soils, sludges, biogases and atmospheric implications—a review. Ecological Engineering 24 (2005) 457–463|
|Glindemann, D., Edwards, M., Morgenstern, P. Phosphine from Rocks - Mechanically Driven Phosphate Reduction? Environ. Sci. Technol. 2005, 39, 8295-8299|
|Niu XJ, Geng JJ, Wang XR, Wang CH, Gu XH, Edwards M, Glindemann D. Temporal and spatial distributions of phosphine in Taihu Lake, China. Science of the Total Environment 323 (2004) 169–178.|
|Ding, LL; Wang, XR; Zhu YX; Edwards, M; Glindemann, D. Ren, HQ. Effect of pH on phosphine production and the fate of phosphorus during anaerobic process with granular sludge. Chemosphere 59 (2005) 49–54|
|Ding LL, Liang HW, Zhu YX, Mo WH, Wang Q, Ren HQ, Wang XR, Edwards M, Glindemann D. Sources of matrix-bound phosphine in advanced wastewater treatment system CHINESE SCIENCE BULLETIN 50 (12): 1274-1276 JUN 2005|
|Geng JJ, Jin XC, Wang Q, Niu XJ, Wang XR, Edwards M, Glindemann D. Matrix bound phosphine formation and depletion in eutrophic lake sediment fermentation - simulation of different environmental factors. Anaerobe 11 (2005) 273–279|
|GENG JJ, NIU XJ, JIN XC, WANG XR, HUANG YA, EDWARDS M, GLINDEMANN D. Simultaneous monitoring of phosphine and of phosphorus species in Taihu Lake sediments and phosphine emission from lake sediments. Biogeochemistry (2005) 76, 283–298|
|Morton, Siyuan C.; GLINDEMANN, Dietmar; Edwards, Marc A. Phosphates, Phosphites, and Phosphides in Environmental Samples. Environmental Science and Technology (2003), 37(6), 1169-1174|
|Morton, S. C., Glindemann, D., Wang, X. R., Niu, X. J. and Edwards, M. A (2004) Analysis of reduced phosphorus in samples of environmental interest. Environ. Sci. Technol.2005, 39,4369-4376|
|Glindemann, D., Edwards, M., Morgenstern, P. Phosphine from Rocks - Mechanically Driven Phosphate Reduction? Environ. Sci. Technol. 2005, 39, 8295-8299|
Other papers of Dietmar
(Organometal Environmental chemistry, Physico-chemistry, ...)
Glindemann, D., Ilgen, G., Herrmann, R., Gollan, G.
Advanced GC/ICP-MS design for high-boiling analyte speciation and large volume solvent injection.
JAAS, 17 (2002) 1386 - 1389 (October)
(now a widely accepted interface to connect GC with ICP spectrometers, large volume injection, prevention of graphite deposition, less than 150 oC transferline temperature, almost unlimited interface length and flexibility)
Click to enlarge
|Feldmann, J., Krupp, E.M., Glindemann, D., Hirner, A.V., Cullen, W.R.: Methylated Bismuth in the Environment: Applied Organometallic Chemistry 13 (1999) 739-748.|
|Cullen WR, Andrewes P, Glindemann D, Lehr C,
Group 15 derivatives in the environment: The cause of sudden infant death syndrome?
ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 218: 343-INOR , Part 1 AUG 22 1999
Maskow,T., Browarzik,D. Kehlen,H., Kutscha,J.:
Role of Azeotropy in Characterization of Complex Hydrocarbon Mixtures by Fractionated Distillation.
Fluid Phase Equilibria 135 (1997) 149-167
Thermodynamics of True Boiling Point Distillation Rectification (TBP, ASTM D1160, ISO 6616, Crude Oil...)
Before this publication, a myth existed that a distillation process with sufficiently high separation power can
Dietmar Glindemann was the first who explored that compounds of multi-component-mixtures (crude oil, petroleum, fuels etc.) that contain different chemical classes like alkanes, aromates, alkoholes.) can not be separated according to their true boiling points by True Boiling Point Distillation (analytical TBP distillation). Even at an infinite number of theoretical plates of distillation (rectification), aceotropic effects cause that individual compounds to not distill over as pure compounds but as mixtures.
Interestingly, these aceotropic effects of TBP were BEFORE its experimental detection already theoretically predicted by Dietmar Glindemann using a thermodynamic model of distillation with an infinite number of theoretical plates of distillation. This theory was successfully tested by experiments of the research team by using sophisticated distillation apparatus with a high number of theoretical plates of distillation.
Raetzsch, M. T.; Glindemann, D. Application of the increment method UNIFAC to
concentrated polymer solutions. Acta Polymerica (1979), 30(1), 57-60.
Dietmar Glindemann measured by "inverse gaschromatography (GC)" thermodynamic activity coefficients of industrial solvents (injected) in industrial polymers (as GC stationary phases).
Glindemann D., Glindemann U. Greaseless Taper Jointed Glassware and Containers
new PTFE Sealing Ring. Fusion 2001, 48(2) 29-33
Links to Phosphine in the
http://www.degeschamerica.com, use of phosphine for food protection
The Organometallic HyperTextBook, Phosphine Complexes
Undertaining book on Phosphorus: The 13th Element, by John Emsley reviewed by Daniel Rabinovich, Department of Chemistry, The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223, Wiley: New York, 2000. 327 pp. ISBN 0-471-39455-6. $24.95.